Critical Pedagogy


"We need to educate students to be critical agents, to learn how to take risks, engage in thoughtful dialogue and address what it means to be socially responsible. Pedagogy is not about training; it is about educating people to be self-reflective, critical and self -conscious about their relationship with others and to know something about their relationship with the larger world. Pedagogy in this sense not only provides important thoughtful and intellectual competencies; it also enables people to act effectively upon the societies in which they live." ( Giroux, 2011,para. 30)

Web Resources

Occupy the Digital: Critical Pedagogy and New Media

Hybrid Pedagogy: A Digital Journal of Learning, Teaching, and Technology

Books & Chapters

Barnett, R. (1997). Higher education: A critical business. Buckingham, UK: The Society for Research into Higher Education and Open University Press.

Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Continuum.

Freire, P. (1993). Education for critical consciousness. New York: Continuum.

Giroux, H. A. (2011). On critical pedagogy. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group.

Giroux, H. A., & McLaren, P. (Eds.). (1994). Between Borders: Pedagogy and the Politics of Cultural Studies. New York: Routledge.

Giroux, H. A., & Myrsiades, K. (2001). Beyond the corporate university : culture and pedagogy in the new millennium. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

Hooks, b. (1994). Teaching to transgress: Education as the practice of freedom. New York: Routledge.

Horton, M., Bell, B., Gaventa, J., & Peters, J. M. (1990). We make the road by walking: Conversations on education and social change. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Kellner, D. (2000). Multiple Literacies and Critical Pedagogies. In P. P. Trifonas (Ed.), Revolutionary pedagogies : cultural politics, instituting education, and the discourse of theory (pp. 362-408). New York: Routledge Falmer.

McLaren, Peter, (2000). Che Guevara, Paulo Freire and The Pedagogy of Revolution. Boulder, CO: Rowman & Littlefield

McLaren, P. (1998). Life in schools : an introduction to critical pedagogy in the foundations of education (3rd ed.). New York: Longman.

McLaren, P. & Kincheloe, J. (Eds.). (2007). Critical pedagogy: where are we now? New York: Peter Lang.

McLaren, P., & NetLibrary Inc. (2002). Critical pedagogy and predatory culture oppositional politics in a postmodern era (Taylor & Francis e-Library ed.). London ; New York: Routledge.

Shor, I., & Freire, P. (1987). A pedagogy for liberation : dialogues on transforming education. South Hadley, Mass.: Bergin & Garvey Publishers.

Simon, R. I. (1992). Teaching against the grain : texts for a pedagogy of possibility. New York, NY: Bergin & Garvey.

Trifonas, P.P., (2000). Revolutionary pedagogies: cultural politics, instituting education, and the discourse of theory. New York: Routledge Falmer.

Wink, J. (1997). Critical pedagogy: Notes from the real world. New York: Longman.


Peters, M. (Interviewer) & Giroux, H. (Interviewee). (2011). Henry Giroux on democracy unsettled: From critical pedagogy to the war on youth. Retrieved from:

Giroux, H. A. (2010, October 17). Lessons From Paulo Freire. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved from

Giroux, H. A. (1985). Critical pedagogy, cultural politics and the discourse of experience. Journal of Education, Boston, 167(2), 22-41.

Mezirow, J. (1981). A Critical Theory of Adult Learning and Education. Adult Education Quarterly, 32(1), 3 -24.